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Headaches – Which are the real causes

Headaches are one of the most common medical issues that affect the functionality and daily life of many people. They can affect anyone regardless of age, race and gender. They can also occur on any part of the head, on either side of the head or in a single position.

A headache may be a sign of anxiety or emotional distress, or it may be due to a medical disorder, such as migraine or high blood pressure, anxiety or depression and even deficiencies of important vitamins in the body.

 

Why does our head hurt?

Various imbalances in brain biomolecules can be involved in the onset of headaches. Environmental factors are also considered important such as sensitivities to food, chemicals, alcohol, stress, changes in sleep, physical factors such as changes in weather or barometric pressure.

In addition, great importance must be given to the role of the intestine with emphasis on its microbiome as well as in the different combination of bacteria that can, for example, make people more sensitive to certain foods.

Sometimes, a headache can also be due to a deficiency of a specific nutrient or nutrients, especially magnesium and certain vitamins or the B complex.

Finally, migraines may be related to the menstrual cycle in women with more frequent premenstrual migraines. These can occur either at the beginning of the period or during ovulation.

 

There are several types of headaches

The International Headache Society (IHS) categorizes headaches as primary when they are not caused by another condition, or secondary when there is an underlying cause.

Common primary headaches include migraines, cumulative headaches, and hypertension headaches. Secondary headaches on the other hand include symptoms that can be attributed to another cause. These include alcohol, brain tumors, blood clots, bleeding around or in the brain, carbon monoxide poisoning, concussion, dehydration, glaucoma, flu, overuse of painkillers, panic attacks.

 

Treatment

Conventional treatment prescribes the immediate use of drugs after the onset of symptoms. Unfortunately, these drugs can have side effects and do not promise a definitive cure.

Based on the above etiological factors, it would be appropriate to mention some of the most useful therapeutic approaches to the prognosis and treatment of migraine.

The assessment and balancing of hormones is considered necessary always in combination with a proper lifestyle that includes proper nutrition, supplements of vitamins and minerals, use of herbs and natural bioidentical hormones.

 

 

References:

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  2. Digre KB. Headaches and other head pain. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 2, 2016
  3. Secondary headaches. American Headache Society Committee for Headache Education. http://www.achenet.org/resources/secondary_headaches/. Accessed March 2, 2016.
  4. Wong ET, et al. Clinical presentation and diagnosis of brain tumors. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 2, 2016.
  5. NINDS meningitis and encephalitis information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/encephalitis_meningitis/encephalitis_meningitis.htm. Accessed March 3, 2016.
  6. NINDS stroke information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/stroke/stroke.htm. Accessed March 3, 2016.
  7. Cutrer FM. Primary cough headache. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 3, 2016.
  8. Garza I, et al. Overview of chronic daily headache. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 3, 2016.
  9. Bajwa ZH, et al. Evaluation of headache in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 2, 2016.
  10. Evans RW, et al. Postconcussion syndrome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 2, 2016.
  11. Green MW. Secondary headaches. In: Continuum Lifelong Learning Neurology. 2012;18:783.
  12. Simon RA. Allergic and asthmatic reactions to food additives. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 8, 2016.
  13. External compression headache. International Headache Society. http://ihs-classification.org/en/02_klassifikation/04_teil3/13.10.00_facialpain.html. Accessed March 8, 2016.
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