Prevention is the effort we make to eliminate the causes that can potentially lead to the presence of a problem, so as to prevent its occurrence. In the field of health, Prevention consists of the actions we take and all other necessary measures, with the ultimate goal of protecting an individual from the risk of developing various diseases.
The main goal of Prevention, in essence, is to avoid premature death and to extend life expectancy in combination with a healthy life. So the saying of Hippocrates “it is better to prevent than to cure”, remains relevant, emphasizing the importance of prevention for good health and longevity.
Advances in the Field of Disease Prevention and Management
In recent years, more and more people have embraced Prevention and reasonably prioritize regular visits to their doctor, because they are fully aware that good health is the foundation on which moments with friends and relatives can be built safely and happily and the goals of our lives realized.
However, preventive check-ups, diagnostic tests and routine haematological and biochemical tests, which have been carried out en masse for the last 50 years, are the classic but already outdated components of Prevention, as they do not provide the ability to detect deficiencies and imbalances of the human body at a deeper level.
Fortunately, over the last 20 years, medical science has evolved rapidly in the field of Prevention, as methods have been found to aid in the detection of an impending disease or in the characterization of an ongoing disease.
Genetic Tests and Precision Medicine
Genetic testing is a non-invasive and highly accurate diagnostic test for genetic determination, with the help of which it is possible to decipher the possibility of the development of a pathological condition or a disease before its clinical manifestation and/or the pathophysiology of a disease, when the symptoms have already been expressed. This is achieved through the analysis of genetic variants in genes that have been scientifically proven to be associated with each disease.
In the age of Precision Medicine, sequencing of specific genes with clinically important information and the epigenetic profile of each organism are included in the available technologies of clinical genetics. Thus, each patient has the opportunity to gain access to the information that makes up his individual biological programming.
Personalized Therapeutic Protocols
Access to this kind of information implies the possibility of intervention and control of the results of genetic analyzes, by taking appropriate initiatives, performing the appropriate manipulations and performing certain structured actions that enable the individual to reduce and / or prevent the onset of a disease.
The diagnostic findings of the genetic analyzes, therefore, directly affect the treatment options and make possible the development of strictly individualized care models for each patient individually.
Disease predisposition through Genetic Tests
Genetic tests have enabled the analysis of predisposition for a number of medical conditions, such as:
- Autoimmune Diseases
- Neurodegenerative Diseases
- Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Prostate cancer
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Gynecological Diseases
- Various forms of Rheumatic Diseases
- Breast cancer
- Disorders Related to Endocrine System Function
- Gastrointestinal disorders
With these methods, the manifestation of a disease can be predicted early, even when no symptoms have occurred.
Genetic analysis is a huge leap and achievement of Precision Medicine, thanks to which the necessary knowledge for more effective prevention and targeted and strictly personalized treatment of a disease is now available in the quiver of Doctors. Prevention is now far better supported and can provide people with valuable information for a healthy Longevity,
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